First Aid:

First aid in heart attack:

Heart attack is the actual stopping of the beating of the heart, action cause by certain blockages that have been formed in arteries along the blood circulation path. Atherosclerosis is in the most cases responsible for the blockage, witch in fact is a building of cholesterol or other fatty substances. A healthy diet and lots of exercises can prevent this building up very easily. The actual way that the plaque works is that it clogs the veins or arteries and obstructs the flow of blood to the heart and thus to the rest of the body.

If this obstruction goes on for a long period of time, muscle cells in the heart actually suffer greatly and are sometimes damaged so bad that they even die. Reducing the flow of oxygenated blood to the heart results in an damaged area or dead area of muscle.

Consequences of this restriction of blood to the heart are:

-they usually happen just before the attack

-is possible to happen long before the heart attack ( days, weeks or even month)

-may be a mild pain in the chest and so quit ignorable

-may be confused with other affections such as indigestion

-may be confused with sore muscle

In a lot of cases the body is very likely to send messages prior to the stroke:

-uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing, pain, or discomfort in the center of the chest (it's usually persistent or comes and goes )

- palpitations, cold sweat, or paleness

- pain, sweating, nausea, or shortness of breath

- unexplained weakness or fatigue

A very serious concern would be the pains that lasts for 10 to up t 15 minutes when the person is resting… than medical attention should be looked for.

There are several things you should do when a person is showing symptoms of having a heart attack: immediately call 911 or local paramedics, be prepared to give CPR or get someone one who knows how to.

Risk factors are of very concern to people ho are predisposed to have heart attacks or develop a certain disease. Smoking, diet, family history, or many other things may be cataloged as risk factors. Of course different diseases have different risks.

For heart attacks the most likely risks factors have been shown to be : age, smocking, diabetes, the fact that you are a man, high cholesterol level, high blood pressure obesity and family history of heart disease, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), lack of exercise and physical activity, and even the race can be a very serious factor that makes people more likely to have heart attacks african-americans have three times the risk of severe hypertension than Caucasians.

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